We cannot imagine the world without websites in this digital era, thanks to Web design websites get interesting as days go by. Web design encompasses many different skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of a website. Web design includes web graphic design; interface design; authoring, including standardized code and proprietary software; user experience design; and search engine optimization.
Let me take you through the evolution of Web design
Birth of web design
In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee proposed to create a hypertext, which later came to be known as World Wide Web. In those early days text, only pages could be viewed using a simple line-mode browser. The beginning of Web Design was dark as the screens were black and there were only a few monochrome pixels . Designs were made using symbols and tab keys. In 1991, HTML was born, HTML is a coded language that can be read by a web browser, and composed into a web page. In 1991, the first website went live; Tim Berners-Lee created it. You can still see the original site on- https://www.w3.org/History/19921103-hypertext/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html
Images come as a visual delight
Images and text appeared alongside for the first time in 1993, Mosaic was the first browser to display text and images together. In 1994, W3C was created in October; it was created to lead World Wide Web to its full potential. The consortium discouraged one company from monopolizing propriety browser and programming language. In the same year, Netscape 0.9 browser was created. This turned out to be a very powerful browser, many companies carried the motif “Best if viewed in Netscape”. This browser had its own HTML tags.
Information was structured with tables already available in HTML. So creating tables, figuring out clever ways to mix static cells with fluid cells was the new and innovative concept back then. Web design through tables remained the common method for some time. Designers quickly realized the potential of using HTML tables for creating the complex, multi-column layouts that were otherwise not possible, but the only disadvantage of this method was that it was fragile. To create complex designs, many web designers had to use complicated table structures or even use blank spacer .GIF images to stop empty table cells from collapsing.
Arrival of CSS at 1998
The basic concept in cascading sheet style is to separate presentation from content, the formatting was done in CSS and the content in HTML. The main problem with CSS was the adoption rate. It took few years before browsers start to fully adopt it, to top it all some browsers had newest features and some didn’t which was a nightmare that developers had to face.
Mobile sites web design
Mobiles started to get popular and Ads and websites had to be designed to suit mobile usage. In 2007, developing mobile sites using grids and frameworks began. The 960-grid system worked and 12-column division was something designers started to use frequently. To increase the user experience and make life easy for web designers Bootstrap and Foundation languages were developed, this made developing websites easier and the websites would auto adjust to suit the usage from different devices.
New technology in 2010- responsive Web design and Flat
The main advantage of responsive web design is that the websites auto adjusts to suit all devices. This new development revolutionized mobile websites and enhance user experience on mobile websites. Flat design is simplifying visual elements like photography, typography, illustrations etc. All mobile apps adopted this technology well and the websites on mobile became more attractive.
Present and future of Web design
Websites can be seen with overall layouts that look like an App, they have changed the way they use Flash, and developers now use large buttons instead of text links. The quality of images that are being used are enhanced, there has been consistency in branding, colors, layouts, typography etc.
Biometric figure prints, where an individual’s figure print can be used as a security measure, individuals figure prints will be used to unlock the phone. However, there are lots of debates going on in this regards. People have slowly started to integrate social media into web design this still has a long way to go.